基于生命周期的重大科技项目资源配置模式及评估
发布人:admin | 发布时间:2009/4/10 | 已被浏览:8670

 

硕士研究生:陈柯宇
            指导教师:陈 强 教授
摘 要: 重大科技项目是国家科学研究计划的重要组成部分,体现着国家发展战略意图,成功实施重大科技项目,对于发挥科技计划宏观调控和引导作用、实现国家重要发展战略、提高我国科技水平、推动社会经济发展、增强市场竞争和与国际接轨的能力等具有重大意义。
     本文阐述了重大科技项目的概念和特征,分析了我国重大科技项目的管理体系、管理模式、管理机制和管理方法,提出各重大科技项目在项目管理上存在其共性规律。
     本文分析了我国现阶段重大科技项目管理中存在的六大问题,逐一给出相应的解决思路,在此基础上,剖析产生这些问题的共同根源,从而构建了基于项目全生命周期的重大科技项目的管理与实施框架。
     重大科技项目的资源配置是重大科技项目管理中的重要内容。本文从理论上提出了基于项目全生命周期的资源配置模式,以实现对重大科技项目的动态跟踪,层层实施阶段控制,并对该模式中的重要环节——科技资源配置评估从三个方面展开了讨论:如何建立科技资源指标体系,从什么渠道采集数据及使用哪些评估方法。
     本文认为重大科技项目资源配置的评估是一个复杂的体系,应采用由面到点的方式,在普遍评估的基础上,对重点项目进行重点评估,有效地应用评估结果指导重大科技项目的全过程。
 
关键字: 重大科技项目 资源配置 生命周期 效率评估
 
 
                   The Resources Allocation Model and Assessment of Major ST Projects  Based on the Life Cycle
Candidate: Chen Keyu
            Supervisor: Prof. CHEN Qiang
Abstract: Major S&T project is an important component of the national S&T plan, embodying the national development strategic intents. Successful implementation of S&T planning has significant impact on improving the macroeconomic control and guidance, accomplishing the state development strategy, advancing the state science and technology level, enhancing socioeconomic development, strengthening market competition and internalization capability.
This paper expatiates the concept and features of major S&T project, analyzes analysis the management system, management models, management mechanisms and management methods of major S&T project, and proposes that common project management exists around major S&T projects.
This paper summarizes six questions of China’s major S&T project management, and gives corresponding solutions one by one. On this basis, it analyzes the common reason why these problems generated, thereby build a management and implementation framework based on the full life cycle of major S&T projects.
The resource allocation of major S&T projects is one of important contents of major S&T project management. This paper theoretically proposes a resource allocation model, based on the full life cycle, to achieve the dynamic tracking and phasic controlling of the major S&T project. Then this paper discusses three questions: how to set up the indicators system of S&T resources, how to collect related data and how to use assessment methods.
This paper holds that the resource allocation assessment of the major S&T projects is a complex system, suggests that the general assessment should be used to all the major S&T projects and focus on some most representative projects. We should use the results of the assessment to guide the entire process of the major S&T project.
 
 Key Words: Major S&T Projects, Resource Allocation, Life Cycle, Efficiency Assessment

 

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